Axtell One Name Study
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Family of Charles Michael PALAIRET and Mary de Vere STUDD
|Husband:||Charles Michael PALAIRET (1882-1956)|
|Wife:||Mary de Vere STUDD (1895-1977)|
|Children:||Anne Marie Celestine PALAIRET (1916-1998)|
|Anthony Michael PALAIRET (1920-1966)|
|Marriage||29 Jun 1915|
Husband: Charles Michael PALAIRET
|Name:||Charles Michael PALAIRET 1|
|Father:||Charles Harvey PALAIRET ( - )|
|Mother:||Emily HENRY ( - )|
|Birth||29 Sep 1882||Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England, UK|
|Death||5 Aug 1956 (age 73)||Allerford, Minehead, Somerset, England, UK|
Wife: Mary de Vere STUDD
|Name:||Mary de Vere STUDD 1|
|Birth||14 Mar 1895|
|Death||2 Feb 1977 (age 81)|
Child 1: Anne Marie Celestine PALAIRET
|Name:||Anne Marie Celestine PALAIRET 1|
|Spouse:||Julian Edward George ASQUITH|
|Birth||14 Nov 1916||Paris, France|
|Death||19 Aug 1998 (age 81)|
Child 2: Anthony Michael PALAIRET
|Name:||Anthony Michael PALAIRET 1|
|Spouse:||Marie Dominique TRIPIER|
|Birth||2 Dec 1920|
|Death||7 Jan 1966 (age 45)|
Note on Husband: Charles Michael PALAIRET - shared note
Note originally from David Man Family Tree gedcom [Jon Axtell]
Palairet, Sir (Charles) Michael (1882?1956), diplomatist, was born on29 September 1882 at Berkeley, Gloucestershire, the second of three sons of Charles Harvey Palairet, army officer, of Westhill, Ledbury, Herefordshire, and his wife, Emily, née Henry. He was descended from a French family called Palayret who had fled initially to the Netherlandswhen Louis XIV revoked the edict of Nantes in 1689. Subsequently the family lived in England. In Palairet's lifetime the family name was best known for the cricketing ability of his older cousins, L. C. H. andR. C. N. Palairet. On his mother's side he was a great-grandson of Thomas Allan, the mineralogist.
Palairet was educated at Eton College, and then went to Touraine to improve his French and to Weimar to improve his German. He joined the diplomatic service in 1905, and after serving the usual probationary period in the Foreign Office was posted to Rome in 1906. In 1907 he was promoted from attaché to third secretary, and in 1908 he was transferred to Vienna, a posting which provided useful experience for his latertime there. On 29 June 1915 he married Mary de Vere, daughter of Brigadier-General Herbert William Studd, commanding officer of the Coldstream Guards. They had one son and one daughter. In 1916, while posted to Paris, Palairet and his wife were received into the Roman Catholic church. They were to remain staunch Catholics for the rest of their lives.
Soon after arriving in Paris in 1913 Palairet had been promoted to second secretary, and in 1917 he was sent to Athens (where he was later to be ambassador). A second period in Paris followed during the peace conference (1918?19), and later in the embassy, after which Palairet was briefly transferred to the Foreign Office, which in those days was quite distinct from the diplomatic service. Palairet's progression through the ranks of the diplomatic service resumed with his posting to Paris as first secretary, as a replacement for Nevile Henderson. He then served variously in Tokyo, during the catastrophic earthquake of 1923 which destroyed the embassy, and in Peking (Beijing) and Rome. As an experienced middle-rank diplomatist, Palairet then became minister to Romania in December 1929. Here their charm and hospitality and keeninterest in Romanian culture won the Palairets a wide circle of friends. Prince Carol, who returned from exile and became king in 1930, showed no grudge at having been requested to leave England in 1928 because of his alleged involvement in a plot to place him on the Romanian throne. Good Anglo-Romanian relations, both political and commercial, were established, but German economic and political penetration had become menacing before Palairet left for Stockholm in 1935.
All this was preparation for the most important posting of Palairet'scareer, which was to Vienna in December 1937. He spent only a few months there, but this period coincided with the overthrow of the independent Austrian republic in March 1938. Palairet's reporting to the Foreign Office was robust. He told of how Hitler had ?raved like a madman?at the unfortunate Chancellor Schuschnigg in their notorious interview in February 1938 (Documents on British Foreign Policy, 2/19, no. 50), and admired the chancellor's courage in calling a plebiscite over the issue of Austrian independence. He advised the foreign secretary, Lord Halifax, that it was pointless to send a message to Schuschnigg disclaiming any British responsibility for encouraging a plebiscite. In Palairet's opinion it would ?not have done any good?, even though he was sympathetic to the plight of the Austrian government, because Austria was doomed (Palairet to Halifax, 11 March 1938, PRO, R2478/137/3?22315). Palairet reported that Austrians constantly told him that Britain was their last hope, but there was never any possibility of Britishintervention to prevent the Anschluss. Subsequently, however, he believed that Schuschnigg's decision to hold the plebiscite was mistaken. Following the Anschluss the British legation in Vienna was closed, andPalairet was recalled to London. In June 1938 Palairet's work in Vienna was recognized by his appointment as KCMG and in September?Decemberhe took charge of the British legation in Bucharest during the illness of Sir Reginald Hoare.
In June 1939 Palairet went as minister to Athens, a welcome appointment. Yet again his period of service was to coincide with a Nazi invasion, in April 1941, following the unsuccessful Italian attack in October 1940. But his diplomacy did not impress his American colleague MacVeagh, who found him intellectually limited, lackadaisical, and in comparison with his predecessor Sir Sydney Waterlow ?as a .22 calibre target pistol to a bell-mouthed blunderbuss? (Ambassador MacVeagh Reports,163). The Foreign Office did not share this perception of Palairet, and he retained his accreditation to the Greek government in exile, being promoted ambassador in 1942. He retired in April 1943, but returnedto the Foreign Office as a temporary assistant under-secretary, dealing with matters concerning prisoners of war. He remained in this post until July 1948.
Palairet never secured an embassy in the diplomatic ?magic circle? ofParis, Berlin, Washington, and Moscow. In his retirement he indulged an interest in the translation of German religious books. He died at his home, Lynch Mead, Allerford, Minehead, Somerset, on 5 August 1956.
|1||"Gedcom - David Man Family Tree" (http://www.manfamily.org/).|
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